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Advance Directives

Advance directives give you the chance to maintain control of crucial decisions after you can no longer communicate.

What is an Advance Directive?

If you have ALS, there may come a time when you are no longer able to clearly communicate your wishes. Decisions will need to be made about your medical care and end-of-life plans, and it will be left to your family members or caregivers to make those decisions for you.

To keep control over those decisions and relieve your family members from having to guess what you would want, you can make those decisions ahead of time using advance directives. An advance directive is simply a document that spells out what you want when it comes to medical treatments or end-of-life decisions. It is written out ahead of time, in advance, and directs family members and doctors on what your choices would be.

How Advance Directives Work

An advance directive allows you to do a couple of things:

  • It lets you name one or more people to serve as your health care agent or proxy, giving them the power to make medical decisions for you if you are not able to do so yourself.
  • It also lets you specify what type of care or treatments you wish to receive, and list the circumstances in which you’d like them to be used.

An advance directive can cover as many different scenarios and treatment options as you want. With ALS, there are a few specific treatment options that should probably be addressed in an advance directive. One is the use of a feeding tube, which might be needed to provide nutrition when chewing and swallowing become difficult. Another common ALS treatment is the use of tracheostomy ventilation to provide air to the lungs in the later stages of the disease.

Creating Advance Directives

There are pre-existing advance directive forms that you can fill out with your information and your preferences. For example, provides state-specific advance directive forms that you can download and print out for free. The Texas form can be downloaded in PDF format here.

You do not need the help of an attorney to create an advance directive. You do need either one notary public or two witnesses to sign the form. At least one of the two witnesses has to be someone who is not related to you, is not one of your heirs, is not your doctor or an employee of a health care facility where you receive treatment, and is not the person you name as your agent or proxy.

Once the form is filled out and signed, copies of the advance directive should be given to your health care agent, your doctor, and your hospital. Tell key family members or friends where a copy of the advance directive can be found, in case they ever need to locate it.

If you ever change your mind about any of the decisions listed on your advance directive, you can update it or replace it with a new document at any time. It’s helpful to keep track of everyone who has a copy of the document, so that you can update them when there are changes.

The Texas Health and Human Services is a great resource for all documents you may need along the process.

If you have any questions, you can contact your local ALS Texas care services manager.

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